Many of the activities carried out by engineering cause erosion, which can damage our ecosystems. Various technologies have been developed to improve traditional erosion control practices, especially when it comes to protecting slopes on steep slopes.
The carelessness of the Urban rainwater sewer system makes the sewage and sanitation system the only protective resourse against the excess rainfall and debris flow. This subsequently causes the appearance of factors that generate unhealthiness.
The need to develop roads, canals, transmission lines, forces us to interact with steep slopes. In the presence of new loads, humidity, water or wind erosion, these lands must be analyzed for their stability and sustainability.
Distribution and Load Support
The demands of loads and efforts to which the lands in a work are submitted tend to be higher and more frequent to their natural capacity. In addition, moisture content that can be seasonally presented make the design and use of integral distribution systems and load support essential.
Water, a vital element for the development of life, can also be a risk factor when it comes in large volume, energy or pollution. Its proper handling and treatment is one of the most important engineering tasks. It is essential that the storage, treatment, disposal and management of this resource is properly designed.
Fall control / Rocks detachment
It is common to find on some roads preventive signs of fall / detachment of stones as the only element of protection of vehicles and people who travel these roads. Similarly, during the execution of works, the characteristics of the soil or the use of explosives can cause similar risks.
Reinforcement of Asphalt Binders
The appearance of cracks on flexible pavements is due to fatigue of the material, cracking of thermal origin or instability of the base. In the case of rigid pavements, they are also caused by forge shrinkage. This is one of the biggest concerns of pavement engineering and road agencies in our region.
Fluvial and Coastal Erosion
A large percentage of the planet's rainfall has runoff, volumes and irregular cycles. Global warming and climate change make the return periods of these cycles shorter and more severe. In addition, a region exposed to the effects of earthquakes and tsunamis faces a greater challenge to prevent erosion in cities and ports.
The derivation of the courses of streams and rivers, as well as the conduction of waters for the needs of hydropower infrastructure, forces us to the coating of channels so that these conserve their geometric and hydraulic characteristics of design.
In addition to the importance of water management, including the need for reservoirs, waterproofing is a fundamental requirement for the construction of landfills for waste, mining, hydrocarbons, canals, underground works, aquaculture and infrastructure in general.